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The block is tied by a strap onto the nest of the flute.The block moves air through a flue (also called the channel, furrow, focusing channel, throat, or windway) from the slow air chamber to the sound chamber. Note that flutes of the Mi'kmaq culture are typically constructed from a separate block, but the block is permanently fixed to the body of the flute during construction (typically with glue).courting), the wide dispersal of the instrument across language groups and geographic regions, legal statutes (see the Indian Arts And Crafts Act), and the Native American name controversy.
The slow air chamber has a mouthpiece and breath hole for the player's breath.
It is now in the collection of the Museo Civico di Scienze Naturali in Bergamo, Italy.
The two ends of a Native American flute along the longitudinal axis are called the head end (the end closest to the player's mouth — also called the North end, proximal end, or top end) and the foot end (also called the bottom end, distal end, or South end).
The bottom flute demonstrates the use of a "cloth or ribbon" over the center of the flute to serve as a block. The artifact is known colloquially as "The Breckenridge Flute" and was conjectured to date in the range 750–1350 CE.
Russell specifically notes that the bottom-most flute "has an old pale yellow necktie tied around the middle as an ornament and to direct the air past the diaphragm." Flutes of the Mississippian culture have been found that appear to have the two-chambered design characteristic of Native American flutes. The earliest such flute is curated by the Museum Collections of the University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. Dellinger and more recently identified as a flute by James A. The earliest extant Native American flute crafted of wood was collected by the Italian adventurer Giacomo Costantino Beltrami in 1823 on his search for the headwaters of the Mississippi River.